List of All Presidents of USA In Chronological Order

If you have wondered how many presidents the USA has ever had, we bring to you the list of all Presidents of USA in chronological order.

Since the office of the President of the United States was established in 1789, 44 men have served as president (plus another currently serving – Joe Biden).

As the head of the government of the United States, the president is arguably the most powerful government official in the world. The president is elected to a four-year term via an Electoral College system.

Since the Twenty-second Amendment was adopted in 1951, the American Presidency has been limited to a maximum of two terms.

However, there has been some argument regarding the first president of the U.S. between John Hanson and George Washington.

Many people have argued that John Hanson, and not George Washington, was the first president.

The Articles of Confederation, the predecessor to the Constitution, also called for a president- albeit one with greatly diminished powers.

Eight men were appointed to serve one-year terms as president under the Articles of Confederation. In November 1781, John Hanson became the first President of the United States in Congress Assembled, under the Articles of Confederation.

However, when we think of the President of the United States, it should be realized that we are actually referring to presidents elected under the U.S. Constitution. That being the case, the first president in that sense was George Washington.

We’ve written about the list of all 50 US states in alphabetical order; a piece you should read. For now, let’s give you the list of all Presidents of USA in Chronological order.

The following chronological list contains entries for each president with his corresponding first lady, brief history about him and vice president. Presidents are numbered according to uninterrupted periods served by the same person.

Terms of office are in parenthesis. During some presidencies, there are multiple vice presidents and first ladies while some are without a first lady either because of death before assuming presidency office or because of being a lifelong bachelor.

List of All Presidents Of USA In Chronological Order

All Presidents of USA
1789-1797George WashingtonJohn Adams
1797-1801John AdamsThomas Jefferson
1801-1805Thomas JeffersonAaron Burr
1805-1809Thomas JeffersonGeorge Clinton
1809-1812James MadisonGeorge Clinton
1812-1813James Madisonoffice vacant
1813-1814James MadisonElbridge Gerry
1814-1817James Madisonoffice vacant
1817-1825James MonroeDaniel D. Tompkins
1825-1829John Quincy AdamsJohn C. Calhoun
1829-1832Andrew JacksonJohn C. Calhoun
1833-1837Andrew JacksonMartin Van Buren
1837-1841Martin Van BurenRichard M. Johnson
1841William Henry HarrisonJohn Tyler
1841-1845John Tyleroffice vacant
1845-1849James K. PolkGeorge M. Dallas
1849-1850Zachary TaylorMillard Fillmore
1850-1853Millard Fillmoreoffice vacant
1853Franklin PierceWilliam R. King
1853-1857Franklin Pierceoffice vacant
1857-1861James BuchananJohn C. Breckinridge
1861-1865Abraham LincolnHannibal Hamlin
1865Abraham LincolnAndrew Johnson
1865-1869Andrew Johnsonoffice vacant
1869-1873Ulysses S. GrantSchuyler Colfax
1873-1875Ulysses S. GrantHenry Wilson
1875-1877Ulysses S. Grantoffice vacant
1877-1881Rutherford Birchard HayesWilliam A. Wheeler
1881James A. GarfieldChester A. Arthur
1881-1885Chester A. Arthuroffice vacant
1885Grover ClevelandThomas A. Hendricks
1885-1889Grover Clevelandoffice vacant
1889-1893Benjamin HarrisonLevi P. Morton
1893-1897Grover ClevelandAdlai E. Stevenson
1897-1899William McKinleyGarret A. Hobart
1899-1901William McKinleyoffice vacant
1901William McKinleyTheodore Roosevelt
1901-1905Theodore Rooseveltoffice vacant
1905-1909Theodore RooseveltCharles W. Fairbanks
1909-1912William H. TaftJames S. Sherman
1912-1913William H. Taftoffice vacant
1913-1921Woodrow WilsonThomas R. Marshall
1921-1923Warren G. HardingCalvin Coolidge
1923-1925Calvin Coolidgeoffice vacant
1925-1929Calvin CoolidgeCharles G. Dawes
1929-1933Herbert HooverCharles Curtis
1933-1941Franklin D. RooseveltJohn N. Garner
1941-1945Franklin D. RooseveltHenry A. Wallace
1945Franklin D. RooseveltHarry S. Truman
1945-1949Harry S. Trumanoffice vacant
1949-1953Harry S. TrumanBarkley, Alben W.
1953-1961Dwight D. EisenhowerRichard M. Nixon
1961-1963John F. KennedyLyndon B. Johnson
1963-1965Lyndon B. Johnsonoffice vacant
1965-1969Lyndon B. JohnsonHubert H. Humphrey
1969-1973Richard M. NixonSpiro T. Agnew
1973-1974Richard M. NixonGerald R. Ford
1974-1977Gerald R. FordNelson Rockefeller
1977-1981Jimmy CarterWalter F. Mondale
1981-1989Ronald ReaganGeorge Bush
1989-1993George BushDan Quayle
1993-2001Bill ClintonAlbert Gore
2001-2009George W. BushRichard Cheney
2009-2017Barack ObamaJoseph R. Biden
2017-2021Donald J. TrumpMike Pence
2021-Joseph R. BidenKamala Harris

1. President George Washington – (April 30, 1789 – March 4, 1797)

  • Birthplace Virginia, on February 22, 1732, to a Virginia planter family.
  • Unaffiliated with any political party; a Federalist.
  • The name of the first lady was Martha Washington and;
  • John Adams served as the vice president.

First on the list of all Presidents of USA is George Washington.

List of all presidents of USA - George Washington

Prior to his ascension as the president of the United States, George Washington leads the continental army into the American Revolution in 1775, and in 1787, he heads the constitutional convention.

Growing up, Washington pursued two intertwined interests: military arts and western expansion.

He attended local schools and engaged in land surveying.

In May 1775, Washington was elected Commander in Chief of the Continental Army. On July 3, 1775, at Cambridge, Massachusetts, he took command of his ill-trained troops and embarked upon a war that was to last six grueling years.

Washington enjoyed less than three years of retirement at Mount Vernon, for he died of a throat infection on December 14, 1799. For months the Nation mourned him. He was awarded Hall Of Fame For Great Americans in 1900.

2. John Adams (March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801)

  • Birth place Massachusetts on October 30 (October 19, Old style), 1735.
  • Political affiliation is Federalist Party.
  • Name of first lady was Abigail Adams
  • Thomas Jefferson: served as the vice president

Next on the list of all Presidents of USA is John Adams.

List of all presidents of USA - John Adams

After serving as the first Vice President under President George Washington, John Adams, a remarkable political philosopher, served as the second President of the United States.

Learned and thoughtful, John Adams was more remarkable as a political philosopher than as a politician. “People and nations are forged in the fires of adversity,” he said, doubtless thinking of his own as well as the American experience.

A Harvard-educated lawyer, he early became identified with the patriot cause; a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses, he led in the movement for independence.

He is the author of the Massachusetts constitution (1780), a signer of the Treaty of Paris (1783), the first American ambassador to the Court of St. James (1785 –1788), and the first vice president (1789 –1797).

Adams, the first president to reside in the presidential mansion (later called the White House) in Washington, D.C., was also the first—and one of the very few—presidents not to attend the inauguration of his successor. On March 4, 1801, he was already on the road back to Quincy.

He died on July 4, 1826 at the age of 90 at Quincy, Massachusetts. He was awarded the Hall Of Fame For Great Americans (1900).

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3. Thomas Jefferson (March 4, 1801– March 4, 1809)

  • Born April 2 (April 13, New Style), 1743, in Virginia.
  • He inherited from his father, a planter and surveyor, some 5,000 acres of land, and from his mother, a Randolph, high social standing.
  • He studied at the College of William and Mary, and then read law.  
  • During the first term, Aaron Burr served as the vice president while George Clinton served the second term.

Thomas Jefferson is next on the list of all Presidents of USA.

As an early advocate of total separation of church and state, he was the founder and architect of the University of Virginia and the most eloquent American proponent of individual freedom as the core meaning of the American Revolution.

His spouse Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson died before Jefferson assumed office as the president. In 1804 Jefferson was easily reelected over Federalist Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, winning 162 electoral votes to Pinckney’s 14.

During Jefferson’s second term, he was increasingly preoccupied with keeping the Nation from involvement in the Napoleonic wars, though both England and France interfered with the neutral rights of American merchantmen. Jefferson’s attempted solution, an embargo upon American shipping, worked badly and was unpopular.

Jefferson retired to Monticello to ponder such projects as his grand designs for the University of Virginia. A French nobleman observed that he had placed his house and his mind “on an elevated situation, from which he might contemplate the universe.”

He died on July 4, 1826. He was honored with Hall Of Fame for Great Americans (1900) award.

4. James Madison (March 4, 1809 – March 4, 1817)

  • Birthplace: Virginia, on March 16 (March 5, Old Style), 1751.
  • Political affiliation: Democratic-Republican Party.
  • The first lady was Dolley Madison
  • George Clinton was the vice president.

On the list of all Presidents of USA is the 4th American president ever – James Madison.

The office of the vice president was vacant after April 20, 1812 when George Clinton died. During James Madison’s second term in office Elbridge Gerry served as the vice president. He died on November 23, 1814, and the vice president office remained vacant after then.

As a member of the new House of Representatives, he sponsored the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, commonly called the Bill of Rights.

He was secretary of state under President Thomas Jefferson when the Louisiana Territory was purchased from France. The War of 1812 was fought during his presidency.

Madison was a student of history and government, well-read in law, he participated in the framing of the Virginia Constitution in 1776, served in the Continental Congress, and was a leader in the Virginia Assembly.

When delegates to the Constitutional Convention assembled at Philadelphia, the 36-year-old Madison took a frequent and emphatic part in the debates.

He died on June 28, 1836 at the age of 85. He was honored with Hall Of Fame For Great Americans (1905)

5. James Monroe (March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825)  

  • James Monroe was born on April 28, 1758, in Virginia.
  • Elizabeth Kortright Monroe was his spouse and first lady of the United States of America during his two terms in office.
  • Political affiliation was Republican Party
  • Daniel D. Tompkins was the vice president.

Next on the list of all Presidents of USA is James Monroe.

Monroe attended the College of William and Mary, fought with distinction in the Continental Army, and practiced law in Fredericksburg, Virginia.

He issued an important contribution to U.S. foreign policy in the Monroe Doctrine, a warning to European nations against intervening in the Western Hemisphere. The period of his administration has been called the Era of Good Feelings.

His ambition and energy, together with the backing of President Madison, made him the Republican choice for the Presidency in 1816.

He was elected president of the United States as the Republican candidate, defeating Rufus King, the Federalist candidate; Monroe received 183 electoral votes and King 34.

In summary, President Monroe served in the following offices: Presidency Of The United States Of America (1817-1825), Secretary Of State (1811-1817), Governor, Virginia (1811), Governor, Virginia (1799-1802), United States Senate (1790-1794), Continental Congress (1783-1786).

He died in New York at the age of 73 on July 4, 1831 and was awarded Hall Of Fame For Great Americans (1930)

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6. John Quincy Adams (March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829)

  • Born July 11, 1767, in Massachusetts
  • Also known as Old Man Eloquent
  • Member of multiple political parties over the years (Democratic-Republican Party, Federalist Party, National Republican Party),
  • Louisa Catherine Adams was the first lady
  • John C. Calhoun served as the vice president

6th on the list of all Presidents of USA is John Quincy.

John Quincy Adams was the first President who was the son of a President. He grew up as a child of the American Revolution.

His patriot father, John Adams, at that time a delegate to the Continental Congress, and his patriot mother, Abigail Smith Adams, had a strong molding influence on his education.

In his pre-presidential years, he was one of America’s greatest diplomats (formulating, among other things, what came to be called the Monroe Doctrine). He became the president in 1825 and after his presidency, he also served as a Senator and a member of the House of Representatives

In 1848, he collapsed on the floor of the House from a stroke and was carried to the Speaker’s Room, where two days later he died on February 23, 1848, and was awarded Hall Of Fame For Great Americans (1905).

7. Andrew Jackson (March 4, 1829 – March 4, 1837)

  • He was born onborn March 15, 1767 and was from South Carolina.
  • Also known as Old Hickory
  • His political movement has since been known as Jacksonian Democracy
  • His spouse name was Rachel Jackson (died at the Hermitage on December 22, 1828 before Jackson assumed office and did not serve as first lady).
  • John C. Calhoun who was the vice president of the previous administration as served as the vice president

Andrew Jackson comes 7th on the list of all Presidents of USA. John C. Calhoun resigned from office on December 28, 1832, to become United States Senator.

The office of vice presidency remained vacant until the second term in office of Andrew Jackson as U. S. President (1833) when Martin Van Buren served as the vice president.

Jackson was the first U.S. president to gain office by a direct appeal to the mass of voters and the first U.S. president to survive an assassination attempt.

He was the first man elected from Tennessee to the House of Representatives, and he served briefly in the Senate. A major general in the War of 1812, Jackson became a national hero when he defeated the British at New Orleans.

In the election of 1828, Jackson defeated Adams by an electoral vote of 178 to 83. In his first Annual Message to Congress, Jackson recommended eliminating the Electoral College. He also tried to democratize Federal officeholding.

As national politics polarized around Jackson and his opposition, two parties grew out of the old Republican Party–the Democratic-Republicans, or Democrats, adhering to Jackson; and the National Republicans, or Whigs, opposing him.

His favorite, Van Buren succeeded to the Presidency while “Old Hickory” retired to the Hermitage, where he died in June 1845. He was honored Hall Of Fame For Great Americans (1910).

8. Martin Van Buren (March 4, 1837 – March 4, 1841)

  • Born December 5, 1782 New York,
  • He was known as the “Little Magician” to his friends and the “Sly Fox” to his enemies
  • Political affiliation was Democratic Party
  • First Lady – Hannah Hoes Van Buren,
  • Vice President – Richard M. Johnson

Van Buren is the 8th person on the list of all Presidents of USA.

Van Buren was the third of five children born to Abraham Van Buren, a farmer and tavern keeper, and Maria Hoes Van Alen, both of Dutch descent.

Martin Van Buren was the eighth President of the United States, after serving as the eighth Vice President and the tenth Secretary of State, both under President Andrew Jackson. Martin Van Buren was one of the founders of the Democratic Party.

With former president Jackson’s endorsement, Van Buren was unanimously nominated for president in May 1835.

In the election the following year, Van Buren defeated three candidates fielded by the splintered Whig Party, collecting 170 electoral votes to his opponents’ 124.

When Van Buren took office in 1837, the country was prosperous, but less than three months later the panic of 1837 punctured the prosperity.

His administration was faced with national financial panic, the long and costly war with the Seminole Indians in Florida (the second of the Seminole Wars), and by his failure to support the proposed annexation of the newly independent state of Texas.

One of Van Buren’s last acts before leaving office was to order that no person should work more than 10 hours a day on federal public works.

He spent several years in Europe and then retired to his estate, in Kinderhook New York. He died on July 24, 1862

9. William Henry Harrison (March 4, 1841 – April 4, 1841)

  • He was born in Virginia on February 9, 1773
  • His spouse’s name was Anna Tuthill Symmes Harrison
  • Political affiliation was The Whigs
  • John Tyler was the vice president

9th on the list of all Presidents of USA is William Hery Harrison.

He was the oldest man, at age 67, ever elected president up to that time, the last president born under British rule, and the first to die in office—after only one month’s service, serving the shortest tenure in U.S. Presidential history.

After resigning from the Army in June 1798, under President John Adams William Henry Harrison became Secretary of the Northwest Territory. In 1801 he became Governor of the Indiana Territory, serving 12 years.

In the War of 1812, Harrison won more military laurels when he was given the command of the Army in the Northwest with the rank of brigadier general.

At the Battle of the Thames, north of Lake Erie, on October 5, 1813, he defeated the combined British and Indian forces, and killed Tecumseh.

The Indians scattered, never again to offer serious resistance in what was then called the Northwest.

Thereafter Harrison returned to civilian life; the Whigs, in need of a national hero, nominated him for President in 1840. His Indian campaigns, while he was a territorial governor and army officer, thrust him into the national limelight and led to his election in 1840.

He won by a majority of less than 150,000, but swept the Electoral College, 234 to 60. But before he had been in office a month, he caught a cold that developed into pneumonia.

On April 4, 1841, he died — the first President to die in office. Nevertheless, when mentioning the names of all presidents of USA, his name will be mentioned.

10. 10th U.S. President – John Tyler (April 4, 1841 – March 4, 1845)

  • Born in Virginia in 1790
  • Political affiliation was The Whigs
  • First spouse – Letitia Christian Tyler.
  • Second spouse after the death of Letitia was Julia Gardiner Tyler.
  • Office of the vice president was vacant throughout his presidency.

John Tyler became the tenth on the list of all presidents of USA (1841-1845) when President William Henry Harrison died in April 1841.

10th United States President - John Tyler

Dubbed “His Accidency” by his detractors, he was the first Vice President to succeed to the Presidency after the death of his predecessor.

Tyler’s wife Letitia Christian Tyler died in 1842, the first president’s wife to die in the White House.

Tyler married Julia Gardiner (Julia Tyler) in 1844, thus becoming the first president to marry while in office.

Serving in the House of Representatives from 1816 to 1821, Tyler voted against most nationalist legislation and opposed the Missouri Compromise. After leaving the House he served as Governor of Virginia.

President Harrison’s sudden death, only one month after his inauguration, created a constitutional crisis.

Because the Constitution was silent on the matter, it was unclear whether, upon the death of a president, the vice president would become president or merely “vice president acting as president,” as John Quincy Adams maintained at the time.

Defying his opponents, who dubbed him “His Accidency,” Tyler decided that he was president and moved into the White House, thereby establishing a precedent that was never successfully challenged

Having been rejected by the Whigs and finding only lukewarm support among the Democrats, Tyler entered the presidential election of 1844 as the candidate of his own party, which he created from a core of loyal appointees.

As someone on the list of all presidents of USA, his candidacy attracted little support, however, and in August 1844 he withdrew in favor of the Democratic nominee, James K. Polk.

When the first southern states seceded in 1861, Tyler led a compromise movement; failing, he worked to create the Southern Confederacy.

Shortly before his death, Tyler was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives. He died on January 18, 1862 (aged 71).

11. James K. Polk (March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1849)

  • James Knox Polk was born November 2, 1795 in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, U.S.
  • Political affiliation – Democratic Party.
  • First lady – Sarah Childress Polk
  • Vice President – George M. Dallas

James Polk is next on the list of all Presidents of USA. Often referred to as the first “dark horse” President, James K. Polk was the last of the Jacksonians to sit in the White House, and the last strong President until the Civil War.

11th United States President - James Polk

Studious and industrious, Polk was graduated with honors in 1818 from the University of North Carolina.

As a young lawyer, he entered politics, served in the Tennessee legislature, and became a friend of Andrew Jackson.

His rapid rise to political power was furthered by his wife, Sarah Childress Polk (1803–1891), whom he married on January 1, 1824, while serving in the state House of Representatives (1823 –1825).

She proved to be the most politically dominant president’s wife since Abigail Adams. She monitored his health assiduously, and, as his hostess, she won the admiration and esteem of the leading figures of the day. When her husband became president, she was often referred to as “the Presidentress.”

James K. Polk was by nature a student of government, by experience a legislator, and by force of circumstance an administrator.

He was not an easy man to know or to like. President James K. Polk oversaw a large territorial expansion of the United States. He acquired the Oregon country through a treaty with Great Britain.

Polk, leaving office with his health undermined from hard work, died in June 15 1849.

12. Zachary Taylor (March 4, 1849 – July 9, 1850)

  • Born November 24, 1784, Montebello plantation, near Gordonsville, Virginia, U.S.
  • Political affiliation was Whig Party 
  • Name of spouse Margaret Mackall Smith Taylor
  • Millard Fillmore served as the vice president.

The list of all presidents of USA will be incomplete without a mention of Zachary Taylor.

Zachary Taylor, a general and national hero in the United States Army from the time of the Mexican-American War and the War of 1812, was elected the 12th U.S. President, serving from March 1849 until his death in July 1850, 16 months after taking office.

Taylor served in the army for almost 40 years, finally advancing to the rank of major general (1846).

In 1845 President James K. Polk ordered Taylor and an army of 4,000 men to the Rio Grande, opposite the Mexican city of Matamoros.

His long military record would appeal to northerners; his ownership of 100 slaves would lure southern votes.

He had not committed himself to troublesome issues. The Whigs nominated him to run against the Democratic candidate, Lewis Cass, who favored letting the residents of territories decide for themselves whether they wanted slavery.

Although Taylor had subscribed to Whig principles of legislative leadership, he was not inclined to be a puppet of Whig leaders in Congress. He acted at times as though he were above parties and politics

In February 1850 President Taylor had held a stormy conference with southern leaders who threatened secession.

He told them that if necessary to enforce the laws, he personally would lead the Army. A further problem was the revelation in mid-1850 of financial improprieties on the part of three members of Taylor’s cabinet.

Deeply humiliated, Taylor, who prided himself on honesty, decided to reorganize his cabinet, but before he could do so events took an unexpected turn.

After participating in ceremonies at the Washington Monument on a blistering July 4, Taylor fell ill; within five days (July 9) he was dead

13. Millard Fillmore (July 9, 1850 – March 4, 1853)

  • Fillmore was born in a log cabin  on January 7, 1800 in Locke Township, New York
  • First lady – Abigail Powers Fillmore
  • Office of Vice President was vacant

Millard Fillmore is the 13th on the list of all presidents of USA. Elected vice president in 1848, he became chief executive on the death of President Zachary Taylor (July 1850).

In his rise from a log cabin to wealth and the White House, Millard Fillmore demonstrated that through methodical industry and some competence an uninspiring man could make the American dream come true.

Millard Fillmore was the 13th President of the United States (1850 – 1853) and the last President not to be affiliated with either the Democratic or Republican parties.

His sudden accession to the Presidency in July 1850 brought an abrupt political shift in the administration.

In 1852 Fillmore was one of three presidential candidates of a divided Whig Party in its last national election, which it lost.

He ran again in 1856 as the candidate of the Know-Nothing party also known as the American Party, finishing third behind Democrat James Buchanan and Republican John C. Frémont.

Fillmore then retired to Buffalo, where he became a leader in the city’s civic and cultural life. In 1858, some five years after the death of his wife Abigail, he married Caroline Carmichael McIntosh.

Throughout the Civil War, he opposed President Lincoln and during Reconstruction supported President Johnson. He died on March 8, 1874.

14. Franklin Pierce (March 4, 1853 – March 4, 1857)

  • Was born on November 23, 1804, in Hillsborough New Hampshire.
  • Other name – Young Hickory
  • Political affiliation – Democratic Party
  • First lady – Jane M. Pierce
  • Vice President – William R. King.

Franklin Pierce is next on the list of all presidents of USA.

William King died on April 18, 1853, and the office of the vice president remained vacant.

Franklin Pierce was the son of the governor of New Hampshire, Benjamin Pierce. He attended Bowdoin College, after graduation he studied law, and then entered politics.

At 24 he was elected to the New Hampshire legislature; two years later he became its Speaker. During the 1830’s he went to Washington, first as a Representative, then as a Senator.

At the time of his election, Pierce, age 47, was the youngest man to have been elected to the presidency. Franklin Pierce a member of the Democratic Party became President of United States at a time of apparent tranquility.

The United States, by virtue of the Compromise of 1850, seemed to have weathered its sectional storm

By the end of his administration, Pierce could claim “a peaceful condition of things in Kansas.” But, to his disappointment, the Democrats refused to nominate him again, turning to the less controversial Buchanan and he remains the only president to be so repudiated by his party.

After an extended tour of Europe, he retired to Concord leaving his successor to face the rising fury of the sectional whirlwind. Always a heavy drinker, Pierce descended further into apparent alcoholism, and he died in obscurity in 1869 (October 8).

15. James Buchanan (March 4, 1857 – March 4, 1861)

  • James Buchanan, born April 23, 1791, near Mercersburg, Pennsylvania
  • Political Affiliation – Federalist; Democrat
  • John C. Breckinridge served as the vice president

Another American citizen to have a taste of the Whitehouse is James Buchanan. He is 15th on the list of all presidents of USA.

Buchanan was a moderate Democrat whose efforts to find a compromise in the conflict between the North and the South failed to avert the Civil War (1861–65).

He remains the only President to be elected from Pennsylvania and to remain a lifelong bachelor, the only President who never married.

In 1819, when he was 28 years old, he became engaged to Anne C. Coleman, the daughter of a wealthy Pennsylvania family. He broke off the engagement for an undisclosed reason, and shortly afterward Coleman died, possibly a suicide.

As a Federalist, Buchanan served in the Pennsylvania legislature (1814 – 1816) and in the U.S. House of Representatives five times (1821–1831).

When his party disintegrated in the 1820s, Buchanan associated himself with the emerging Democratic Party and served as U.S. minister, U.S. senator (1834 – 1845), and secretary of state (1845 – 1849).

Sectional strife rose to such a pitch in 1860 that the Democratic Party split into northern and southern wings, each nominating its own candidate for the Presidency.

Buchanan reverted to a policy of inactivity that continued until he left office. In March 1861 he retired to his Pennsylvania home Wheatland–where he died seven years later (June 1, 1868) – leaving his successor to resolve a frightful issue facing the Nation.

16. Abraham Lincoln (March 4, 1861 – April 15, 1865)

  • Born February 12, 1809, in Kentucky,
  • Member of Republican Party and Whig Party
  • Married to Mary Todd Lincoln.
  • Hannibal Hamlin served as the vice president during the first term while Andrew Johnson served during the second term.

Next on the list of all Presidents of USA is Abraam Lincoln.

Both his parents were almost completely illiterate, and he himself received little formal education. He once said that, as a boy, he had gone to school “by littles”—a little now and a little then—and his entire schooling amounted to no more than one year’s attendance.

Lincoln was fond of the Bible and knew it well. He also was fond of Shakespeare.

In private conversation, he used many Shakespearean allusions, discussed problems of dramatic interpretation with considerable insight, and recited long passages from memory with rare feeling and understanding.

Abraham Lincoln preserved the Union during the American Civil War. Lincoln warned the South in his Inaugural Address: “In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow-countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you…. You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect and defend it.

Lincoln devoted much of his time to presidential politics—to unmaking one president, a Democrat, and making another, a Whig.

At the age of 40, frustrated in politics, he seemed to be at the end of his public career.

For about five years Lincoln took little part in politics, and then a new sectional crisis gave him a chance to reemerge and rise to statesmanship. Along with many thousands of other homeless Whigs, Lincoln soon became a Republican (1856). 

As President, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy on January 1, 1863.

On Good Friday, April 14, 1865, Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, an actor. He became the first president to be assassinated while in office.

Many thought of Lincoln as a martyr. In one of the sermons held that Sunday, someone declared, “Jesus Christ died for the world; Abraham Lincoln died for his country.”

Thus the posthumous growth of his reputation was influenced by the timing and circumstances of his death, which won for him a kind of sainthood.

As someone worthy to be on the list of all presidents of USA, the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., was dedicated to him on May 30, 1922. He was honored with the Hall Of Fame For Great Americans (1900) awards

17. Andrew Johnson (April 15, 1865 – March 4, 1869)

  • AndrewJohnson, born December 29, 1808, Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S
  • Eliza McCardle Johnson was the first lady
  • The office of the vice president was vacant.

Andrew Johnson is the next on the list of all presidents of USA. Johnson took office upon the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln during the closing months of the American Civil War (1861 – 1865).

Johnson grew up in poverty. He was apprenticed to a tailor as a boy but ran away.

He opened a tailor shop in Greeneville, Tennessee which bore the simple sign “A. Johnson, tailor”

In 1827, now 18 years old, he married 16-year-old Eliza McCardle (Eliza Johnson). In middle age she contracted what was called “slow consumption” (tuberculosis) and became an invalid.

She rarely appeared in public during her husband’s presidency, the role of hostess usually being filled by their eldest child, Martha, wife of David T. Patterson, U.S. senator from Tennessee.

Although an honest and honorable man, Andrew Johnson was one of the most unfortunate of Presidents.

Arrayed against him were the Radical Republicans in Congress, brilliantly led and ruthless in their tactics. Johnson was no match for them.

During the secession crisis, Johnson remained in the Senate and refused to join the Confederacy even when Tennessee seceded, which made him a hero in the North and a traitor in the eyes of most Southerners.

In 1862 President Lincoln appointed him Military Governor of Tennessee, and Johnson used the state as a laboratory for reconstruction.

In 1864 the Republicans, contending that their National Union Party was for all loyal men, nominated Johnson, a Southerner, and a Democrat, for Vice President.

In 1875, Tennessee returned Johnson to the Senate. He died a few months later on July 31 at the age of 66

18. 18th U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant (March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1877)

  • Born April 27, 1822, in Ohio, U.S.
  • Original name Hiram Ulysses Grant
  • Julia Dent Grant was the first lady
  • Schuyler Colfax was the vice president during the first term

Next on the list of all presidents of USA is Ulysses S. Grant.

Henry Wilson up until his death served as the vice president during Grant’s second term in office.

The vice president’s office remained vacant after November 22, 1875. Grant and his wife had been invited to the performance at Ford’s Theatre at which President Abraham Lincoln was in attendance when he was assassinated, but they had declined.

Grant decided to reverse his given names and enroll at the academy as Ulysses Hiram (probably to avoid having the acronym HUG embroidered on his clothing); however, his congressional appointment was erroneously made in the name Ulysses S. Grant, the name he eventually accepted, maintaining that the middle initial stood for nothing. He came to be known as U.S. Grant—Uncle Sam Grant—and his classmates called him Sam.

In the Mexican-American War (1846 – 1848) Grant showed gallantry in campaigns under Gen. Zachary Taylor.

On April 11, 1854, Grant resigned from the army. At the outbreak of the Civil War in April 1861, Grant helped recruit, equip, and drill.

Grant was appointed lieutenant-general in March 1864 and was entrusted with the command of all the U.S. armies.

In 1865, as commanding general (Grant was the United States’ first four-star general), Ulysses S. Grant led the Union Armies to victory over the Confederacy in the American Civil War.

When he was elected at age 46, the youngest man elected president, the American people hoped for an end to turmoil.

Grant provided neither vigor nor reform. As President, Grant presided over the Government much as he had run the Army. Indeed he brought part of his Army staff to the

Grant easily won reelection in 1872, defeating Horace Greeley, the editor of the New York Tribune and the candidate for the coalition formed by Democrats and Liberal Republicans, After retiring from the Presidency, Grant became a partner in a financial firm, which went bankrupt.

About that time he learned that he had cancer of the throat and in 1885 July 23, he died. He was honored with the Hall Of Fame For Great Americans (1900)

19. (March 4, 1877 – March 4, 1881) 19th U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes

  • Rutherford Birchard Hayes was born October 4, 1822, in Ohio.
  • Party Affiliation – Republican Party
  • Lucy Webb Hayes was the first lady
  • The vice president was William A. Wheeler.

Rutherford B. Hayes is also on this list of all presidents of USA.

Rutherford B. Hayes fought in the Civil War, oversaw the end of Reconstruction, began the efforts that led to civil service reform, and attempted to reconcile the divisions left over from the Civil War.

While he was still in the Army, Cincinnati Republicans ran him for the House of Representatives.

Elected by a heavy majority, Hayes entered Congress in December 1865, between 1867 and 1876 he served three terms as Governor of Ohio.

As president, Hayes promptly made good on the secret pledges made during the electoral dispute. He withdrew federal troops from states still under military occupation, thus ending the era of Reconstruction (1865 – 1877).

During the national railroad strikes of 1877, Hayes, at the request of state governors, dispatched federal troops to suppress rioting. In 1879 Hayes signed an act permitting women lawyers to practice before the Supreme Court.

Hayes refused re-nomination by the Republican Party in 1880, contenting himself with one term as president.

In retirement, he devoted himself to humanitarian causes, notably prison reform and educational opportunities for Southern black youth. He died in January 17, 1893, in Fremont, Ohio.

20. 20th U.S. President James A. Garfield (March 4, 1881 – September 19, 1881)

  • He was born on November 19, 1831 in Ohio.
  • Political Affiliation – Republican Party
  • Lucretia Rudolph Garfield was his spouse
  • Chester A. Arthur was the vice president.

On the list of all presidents of USA is James Garfield. James Abram Garfield had the second shortest tenure in U.S. presidential history.

20th U.S President - James A. Garfield

When he was shot and incapacitated, serious constitutional questions arose concerning who should properly perform the functions of the presidency.

His Presidency was impactful but cut short after 200 days when he was assassinated.

He served nine terms in the U.S. House of Representatives; he also served as chief of staff in the Army of the Cumberland, winning promotion to major general. As President, Garfield strengthened Federal authority over the New York Customs House

In foreign affairs, Garfield’s Secretary of State invited all American republics to a conference to meet in Washington in 1882. But the conference never took place.

On July 2, 1881, in a Washington railroad station, an embittered attorney who had sought a consular post shot the President.

Mortally wounded, Garfield lay in the White House for weeks. Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, tried unsuccessfully to find the bullet with an induction-balance electrical device that he had designed.

On September 6, Garfield was taken to the New Jersey seaside. For a few days, he seemed to be recuperating, but on September 19, 1881, he died from an infection and internal hemorrhage.

21. 21st U.S. President Chester A. Arthur (September 19, 1881  – March 4, 1885)

  • Chester Alan Arthur was born on October 5, 1829, in North Fairfield, Vermont, U.S.
  • Political Affiliation – Republican Party
  • Spouse name was Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur
  • Office of the vice president was vacant during his term in office.

Next on the list of all presidents of USA is Chester A. Arthur.

Dignified, tall, and handsome, with a clean-shaven chin and side-whiskers, Chester A. Arthur “looked like a President.”

21st U.S President - Chester A. Athur

Arthur had married Ellen Lewis Herndon (Ellen Arthur) on October 25, 1859.

She died of pneumonia shortly after the 1880 election, and when Arthur acceded to the presidency, his sister Mary Arthur McElroy acted as White House hostess.

Arthur joined the Republican Party in the 1850s, became active in local politics, and was appointed customs collector for the port of New York City by Pres. Ulysses S. Grant.

During his brief tenure as Vice President, Arthur stood firmly beside Conkling in his patronage struggle against President Garfield.

He acceded to the presidency upon the assassination of President James A. Garfield.

As president, he confounded his critics and dismayed many of his friends among the Stalwart faction of the Republican Party by supporting the Pendleton Civil Service Act (1883), which provided for the open appointment and promotion of federal employees based on merit rather than patronage.

When Garfield was assassinated by a disappointed office-seeker who wanted Stalwart Arthur to be president, public apprehension increased markedly. Arthur took the presidential oath on September 19, 1881.

Arthur demonstrated as President that he was above factions within the Republican Party, if indeed not above the party itself.

Defeated for re-nomination by James G. Blaine, he finished his term, attended the inauguration of Democrat Grover Cleveland, and then returned to New York City.

He died at his home the following year in 1886 November 18 after suffering from a kidney ailment. Publisher Alexander K. McClure recalled, “No man ever entered the Presidency so profoundly and widely distrusted, and no one ever retired … more generally respected.”

22. Grover Cleveland N.J. (March 4, 1885 – March 4, 1889)

  • Stephen Grover Cleveland was born in Caldwell, New Jersey, U.S. on March 18, 1837.
  • Political Affiliation – Democratic Party
  • First lady – Frances Folsom Cleveland,
  • Vice President – Thomas A. Hendricks; Hendricks died November 22, 1885 and the office of the vice president was vacant afterward

Grover Cleveland was the only president ever to serve two discontinuous terms (1885 – 1889 and 1893 – 1897), and the first Democrat elected after the Civil War in 1885.

Cleveland distinguished himself as one of the few truly honest and principled politicians of the Gilded Age. No doubt, his name made history as one of all presidents of USA.

His view of the president’s function as primarily to block legislative excesses made him quite popular during his first term, but that view cost him public support during his second term when he steadfastly denied a positive role for government in dealing with the worst economic collapse the nation had yet faced.

At 44, he emerged into a political prominence that carried him to the White House in three years. Running as a reformer, he was elected Mayor of Buffalo in 1881 and later, Governor of New York.  

Cleveland won the Presidency with the combined support of Democrats and reform Republicans, the “Mugwumps,” who disliked the record of his opponent James G. Blaine of Maine.

In June 1886 Cleveland married 21-year-old Frances Folsom. She proved to be a very popular first lady; Cleveland was the only President married in the White House.

As president, Cleveland continued to act in the same negative capacity that had marked his tenures as mayor and governor.

He also received credit for two of the more significant measures enacted by the federal government in the 1880s: the Interstate Commerce Act (1887) and the Dawes General Allotment Act (1887).

In December 1887 he called on Congress to reduce high protective tariffs. Cleveland was defeated in 1888. Nevertheless, when talking about all presidents of USA, his name will be mentioned.

Cleveland spent the four years of the Harrison presidency in New York City, working for a prominent law firm.

23. Benjamin Harrison (March 4, 1889 – March 4, 1893)

  • Born August 20, 1833 in Ohio
  • Party affiliation – Republican Party
  • First wife Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison and second wife, but never a first lady Mary Lord Harrison,
  • Vice president – Levi P. Morton.

Next on the list of all presidents of USA is Benjamin Harrison. President Benjamin Harrison was the grandson of the ninth President, William Henry Harrison (elected 1840).

Democrats called him “Little Ben”; Republicans replied that he was big enough to wear the hat of his grandfather, “Old Tippecanoe.”

He served in the Civil War as an officer in the Union army, finally reaching the rank of brevet brigadier general.

Resuming his law practice after the war, Harrison supported the Reconstruction policies of the Radical Republicans. He failed to win the governorship of Indiana in 1876, but in 1881 he was elected to the United States Senate.

As a senator, Harrison defended the interests of homesteaders and Native Americans against the railroads, supported generous pensions for former soldiers, and fought for civil-service reform and a moderately protective tariff.

A deeply religious man—he was an elder in the Presbyterian Church for 40 years—Harrison was known before, during, and after his years of public service as a man of moral courage.

Harrison was proud of the vigorous foreign policy which he helped shape. The most perplexing domestic problem Harrison faced was the tariff issue.

Long before the end of the Harrison Administration, the Treasury surplus had evaporated and prosperity seemed about to disappear as well.

After he left office and retiring to his law practice in Indianapolis, Harrison, briefly served as leading counsel for Venezuela in the arbitration of its boundary dispute with Great Britain (1898–99).

A dignified elder statesman, he was the last Civil War general to serve as president. He died of pneumonia on March 13, 1901 at his house in Indianapolis.

24. Grover Cleveland (March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1897)

  • First Lady – Frances Folsom Cleveland,
  • Vice President – Adlai E. Stevenson

Next on the list of all presidents of USA is Grover Cleveland.

When the Republican-dominated Congress and the Harrison administration enacted the very high McKinley Tariff in 1890 and made the surplus in the treasury vanish in a massive spending spree, the path to a Democratic victory in 1892 seemed clear.

Cleveland won his party’s nomination for the third consecutive time and then soundly defeated Harrison and Populist Party candidate James B. Weaver by 277 electoral votes to Harrison’s 145, making Cleveland

Elected again in 1892, Cleveland was the only president ever elected to discontinuous terms.  

That the president cared more about the interests of big business than those of ordinary Americans seemed manifest in Cleveland’s handling of the Pullman Strike in 1894. Cleveland’s blunt treatment of the railroad strikers stirred the pride of many Americans.

By invoking the Monroe Doctrine, for example, he forced Britain to accept arbitration of a boundary dispute between its colony of British Guiana (now Guyana) and neighboring Venezuela.

Cleveland remains the most conservative Democrat to have occupied the White House since the Civil War.

He died on June 24, 1908. He was honored with the Hall Of Fame For Great Americans (1935)

25. William McKinley (March 4, 1897 – September 14, 1901)

  • Born January 29, 1843 in Ohio U.S.
  • Party affiliation – Republican Party
  • First Lady – Ida Saxton McKinley;
  • Vice President first term in office – Garret A. Hobart.

William Mckinley is also on the list of all presidents of USA.

Office of the Vice President was vacant after November 21, 1899 when Hobart died. Theodore Roosevelt served as vice president during their second term in office.

William McKinley was the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination on September 14, 1901, after leading the nation to victory in the Spanish-American War.

McKinley was the son of William McKinley and Nancy Allison. Drawn immediately to politics in the Republican Party, McKinley supported Hayes for governor in 1867 and Ulysses S. Grant for president in 1868.

The following year, he was elected prosecuting attorney for Stark County, and in 1877 he began his long career (14 years) in Congress as representative from Ohio’s 17th district.

McKinley won two terms as governor of his home state (1892–96). When McKinley became President, the depression of 1893 had almost run its course and with it the extreme agitation over silver. Not prosperity, but foreign policy, dominated McKinley’s Administration.

Re-nominated for another term without opposition, McKinley again faced Democrat William Jennings Bryan in the presidential election of 1900 and on with greater popular and electoral votes than they were four years before, no doubt reflecting satisfaction with the outcome of the Spanish-American war and with the widespread prosperity that the country enjoyed.

His second term, which had begun auspiciously, came to a tragic end on September 6, 1901.

While McKinley was shaking hands with a crowd of well-wishers at the Buffalo Pan-America exposition, Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, fired two shots into the president’s chest and abdomen.

Rushed to a hospital in Buffalo, McKinley lingered for a week before dying in the early morning hours of September 14.

For his great service to the country, he is no doubt on the list of all presidents of USA.

He was succeeded by his vice president, the man Mark Hanna sneeringly referred to as “that damned cowboy,” Theodore Roosevelt.

26. Theodore Roosevelt (September 14, 1901 – March 4, 1909)

  • Bynames – Teddy Roosevelt and TR,
  • Born October 27, 1858, New York, U.S.,
  • Spouse name was Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt.
  • During the second term, Charles W. Fairbanks served as the vice president.

When Theodore Roosevelt accede to the presidency after the death of President McKinley, the office of vice president was vacant through March 4, 1905. He is no doubt on the list of all presidents of USA.

Theodore Roosevelt was a writer, naturalist, and soldier. He steered the nation toward an active role in world politics, particularly in Europe and Asia.

He won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1906 for mediating an end to the Russo-Japanese War (1904–05), and he secured the route and began construction of the Panama Canal (1904–14).

For his fourteenth birthday, Theodore Roosevelt received a shotgun. As a child, Roosevelt had suffered from severe asthma, and weak eyesight plagued him throughout his life. He was elected as a Republican to the New York State Assembly at 23.

In 1884, overcome by grief by the deaths of both his mother and his wife on the same day, he left politics

Republican bosses in New York tapped Roosevelt to run for governor, despite their doubts about his political loyalty.

Elected in 1898, he became an energetic reformer, removing corrupt officials and enacting legislation to regulate corporations and the civil service.

With the assassination of President McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, not quite 43, became the youngest President in the Nation’s history.

He brought new excitement and power to the Presidency, as he vigorously led Congress and the American public toward progressive reforms and a strong foreign policy.

“I believe in a strong executive; I believe in the power,” he wrote to British historian Sir George Otto Trevelyan. “While President, I have been President, emphatically; I have used every ounce of power there was in the office.…I do not believe that any President ever had as thoroughly good a time as I have had, or has ever enjoyed himself as much.”

In 1912 he ran for President on a Progressive ticket. While campaigning in Milwaukee, he was shot in the chest by a fanatic.

He died in 1919 on January 6 at the age of 60. He was honored with the Hall Of Fame For Great Americans (1950).

27. William Howard Taft (March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913)

  • Born September 15, 1857
  • Party Affiliation – Republican Party
  • Helen Herron Taft was the first lady
  • James S. Sherman served as the vice president until his death on October 30, 1912.

William Howard Taft was elected the 27th President of the United States (1909-1913). He is no doubt on the list of all presidents of USA.

He later became the tenth Chief Justice of the United States (1921-1930), the only person to have served in both of these offices. From 1892 to 1900 he served as a judge of the United States Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals.

Politically, Taft offended progressives when he failed to appoint any from their ranks to his cabinet.

Republican progressives bolted their party to form the Bull Moose (or Progressive) Party and nominated Roosevelt as their presidential candidate.

When he seeks reelection, Taft set a record in the Electoral College for the poorest performance by an incumbent president seeking reelection: He won mere 8 electoral votes compared with 88 for Roosevelt and 435 for Wilson.

Taft, free of the Presidency, served as Professor of Law at Yale until President Harding made him Chief Justice of the United States, a position he held until just before his death in 1930.

Suffering from heart disease, Taft resigned as chief justice on February 3, 1930, and he died a little more than a month later (March 8, 1930).

To Taft, the appointment was his greatest honor; he wrote: “I don’t remember that I ever was President.”

28. President Woodrow Wilson (March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1921)

  • Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born December 28, 1856, in Virginia.
  • Political Affiliation – Democratic Party
  • First spouse was Ellen Axson Wilson and second spouse was Edith Bolling Galt Wilson,
  • Vice President was Thomas R. Marshall.

The 28th on the list of all presidents of USA is Woodrow Wilson.

An American scholar and statesman best remembered for his legislative accomplishments and his high-minded idealism.

Wilson led his country into World War I in order to “make the world safe for democracy” and became the creator and leading advocate of the League of Nations, for which he was awarded the 1919 Nobel Prize for Peace.

He served as a governor of New Jersey on the ticket of the Democratic Party. He was nominated for President at the 1912 Democratic Convention and won.

Wilson was the first Southern-born president elected since the Civil War. Wilson was the only president since Andrew Jackson to have a foreign-born parent.

Like Roosevelt before him, Woodrow Wilson regarded himself as the personal representative of the people. “No one but the President,” he said, “seems to be expected … to look out for the general interests of the country.”

He made a new law prohibiting child labor; another limited railroad workers to an eight-hour day. By virtue of this legislation and the slogan “he kept us out of war,” Wilson narrowly won re-election.

But after the election, Wilson concluded that America could not remain neutral in the World War. On April 2, 1917, he asked Congress for a declaration of war on Germany.

After the Germans signed the Armistice in November 1918, Wilson went to Paris to try to build an enduring peace.

The President, against the warnings of his doctors, had made a national tour to mobilize public sentiment for a treaty.

Exhausted, he suffered a stroke and his incapacity, which lasted for the rest of his term of office, caused the worst crisis of presidential disability in American history.

Tenderly nursed by his second wife, Edith Bolling Galt, he lived until 1924 and died at the age of 67 on February 3.

He is not only one of all presidents of USA, he was honored with the Hall Of Fame for Great Americans (1950) award.

29. Warren G. Harding (March 4, 1921 – August 2, 1923)

  • Warren Gamaliel Harding was born November 2, 1865 in Corsica (now Blooming Grove), Ohio
  • Political Affiliation – Republican Party
  • First Lady – Florence Kling Harding
  • Vice President – Calvin Coolidge

Next on the list of all Presidents of USA is Warren G. Harding.

Harding was elected a state senator (1899 – 1902) and lieutenant governor (1903 –1904), but he was defeated in his bid for the governorship in 1910 and was elected U.S. senator (1915 – 1921).

On most issues, he allied himself with the conservative (“Old Guard”) wing of the Republican Party, standing firm against U.S. membership in the League of Nations and always supporting legislation friendly to business.

Before his nomination, Warren G. Harding declared, “America’s present need is not heroics, but healing; not nostrums, but normalcy; not revolution, but restoration; not agitation, but adjustment; not surgery, but serenity; not the dramatic, but the dispassionate; not experiment, but equipoise; not submergence in internationality, but sustainment in triumphant nationality….”

By 1923 the postwar depression seemed to be giving way to a new surge of prosperity, and newspapers hailed Harding as a wise statesman carrying out his campaign promise–“Less government in business and more business in government.”

Behind the facade, not all of Harding’s Administration was so impressive. Word began to reach the President that some of his friends were using their official positions for their own enrichment. His term in office was fraught with scandal.

He did not live to find out how the public would react to the scandals of his administration. On his way home at the end of July, the president complained of abdominal pain.

On the evening of August 2, however, as his wife read to him from a magazine, Harding suddenly died from either a heart attack or a stroke in August of 1923 during his third year in office

His brief administration accomplished little of lasting value, however, and soon after his death, a series of scandals doomed the Harding presidency to be judged among the worst in American history.

30. 30th U.S. President Calvin Coolidge (August 2, 1923 – March 4, 1929)

  • Was born July 4, 1872 in Vermont
  • Political Affiliation – Republican Party
  • Grace Goodhue Coolidge was the first lady
  • The office of the vice president was vacant through March 4, 1925 after which Charles G. Dawes served as the vice president.

The 30th person on the list of all presidents of USA is Calvin Coolidge.

Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933), 30th President, sitting at his desk. Image by GettyImages

Coolidge acceded to the presidency after the death in office of Warren G. Harding, just as the Harding scandals were coming to light.

At 2:45 in the morning of August 3, 1923, while visiting in Vermont, Calvin Coolidge received word that he was President.

By the light of a kerosene lamp, his father, who was a notary public, administered the oath of office as Coolidge placed his hand on the family Bible.

He is the only son of John Calvin Coolidge a village storekeeper and Victoria Moor Coolidge.

He restored integrity to the executive branch of the federal government while continuing the conservative pro-business policies of his predecessor.

Coolidge entered politics as a city councilman in Northampton, Massachusetts, in 1898. He was elected mayor of Northampton in 1909 and then served in the Massachusetts state government as senator (1911 – 1915) and lieutenant governor (1915 – 1918) and was elected governor in 1918.

At the Republican convention in 1924, Coolidge was nominated virtually without opposition. Running on the slogan “Keep Cool with Coolidge,” he won a landslide victory.

Coolidge’s inaugural address was the first inaugural address to be broadcast on national radio.

Coolidge was both the most negative and remote of Presidents, and the most accessible. Coolidge was famous for being a man of few but well-chosen words.

Despite his reputation, “Silent Cal,” as he was called, had a keen sense of humor, and he could be talkative in private family settings.

And in 1928, while vacationing in the Black Hills of South Dakota, he issued the most famous of his laconic statements, “I do not choose to run for President in 1928” and turned his back on what surely would have been another election victory and instead retired to Northampton.

A little less than four years after leaving the White House, he died of a heart attack in January 5, 1933.

31. Herbert Hoover (March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933)

  • Herbert Clark Hoover was born August 10, 1874 in Iowa.
  • Political Affiliation – Republican Party
  • first lady was Lou Henry Hoover
  • Vice president was Charles Curtis

The 31st on the list of all presidents of USA to ever sit in the Whitehouse is Herbert Hoover.

List of all presidents of USA - Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover was known to be “The Great Humanitarian” and achieved international success as a mining engineer

His parents’ character and religiosity and the trauma of his early childhood left an indelible mark on the young Herbert, instilling in him the self-reliance, industriousness, and moral concern for the needy, abandoned, and downtrodden that would characterize him for the rest of his life.

He displayed his gift for humanitarian rescue by organizing relief for trapped foreigners.

He drew on his China experience in 1914 when he helped Americans stranded in Europe at the outbreak of World War I.

For the next three years, he headed the Commission for Relief in Belgium and was appointed as U.S. food administrator for the duration of the war. 

Hoover eventually declared himself a Republican and served capably as Secretary of Commerce under Presidents Harding and Coolidge. When President Coolidge decided not to run for another term in 1928, Hoover received the Republican presidential nomination.

His election seemed to ensure prosperity. Yet within months the stock market crashed, and the Nation spiraled downward into depression.

After the crash Hoover announced that while he would keep the Federal budget balanced, he would cut taxes and expand public works spending.

His opponents in Congress, who he felt were sabotaging his program for their own political gain, unfairly painted him as a callous and cruel President.

In 1947 after leaving office, President Truman appointed Hoover to a commission, which elected him chairman, to reorganize the Executive Departments.

Hoover devoted his post-Presidential years to social causes such as the Boys Clubs of America and the Hoover Institution.

He also wrote more than 40 books during those years. Herbert Hoover died on October 20, 1964, at 90 while working on one of his books.

32. Franklin D. Roosevelt (March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945)

  • He was born January 30, 1882, Hyde Park (now a national historic site), New York
  • Political Affiliation – Democratic Party
  • First lady – Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Vice President during 1st and 2nd term in office – John N. Garner
  • Vice President during 3rd term in office – Henry A. Wallace
  • Vice President during 4th term in office – Harry S. Truman

Franklin Delano Roosevelt is also known as FDR was the only president elected to office four times. He is the 32nd in office and on the list of all presidents of USA.

He led the United States through two of the greatest crises of the 20th century: the Great Depression and World War II. Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves.

Following the example of his fifth cousin, President Theodore Roosevelt, whom he greatly admired, Franklin D. Roosevelt entered public service through politics, but as a Democrat.

He won the election to the New York Senate in 1910. He was re-elected to the state senate in 1911, President Wilson appointed Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and he was the Democratic nominee for Vice President in 1920. In 1928 Roosevelt became Governor of New York.

He was elected President in November 1932, to the first of four terms. By March there were 13,000,000 unemployed, and almost every bank was closed.

In his first “hundred days,” he proposed, and Congress enacted, a sweeping program to bring recovery to business and agriculture, relief to the unemployed and to those in danger of losing farms and homes, and reform, especially through the establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority.

Between 1935 and 1941 it employed a monthly average of 2.1 million workers on a variety of projects, including the construction of roads, bridges, airports, and public buildings; natural-resource conservation; and artistic and cultural programs such as painting public murals and writing local and regional histories. 

In 1936 he was re-elected by a top-heavy margin. Declaring in his Second Inaugural Address that “I see one-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished,” Roosevelt was determined to push forward with further New Deal reforms.

By 1937 the economy had recovered substantially, and Roosevelt, seeing an opportunity to return to a balanced budget, drastically curtailed government spending.

The result was a sharp recession, during which the economy began plummeting toward 1932 levels.

As President Franklin D. Roosevelt neared the end of his second term speculation began about his successor. There was no constitutional barrier to a third term at that time. But no president had ever exceeded the two-term precedent established by George Washington. 

FDR seemed ready to follow tradition. He began planning for retirement, establishing a library in Hyde Park for his papers and discussing potential Presidential candidates with advisers. Yet he made no formal announcement of his intentions.

In 1940 the “third term” question became a burning political issue. In 1940 the Democrats nominated Roosevelt for a third term and he defeated Willkie soundly

 When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941, Roosevelt directed the organization of the Nation’s manpower and resources for global war.

Feeling that the future peace of the world would depend upon relations between the United States and Russia, he devoted much thought to the planning of a United Nations, in which, he hoped, international difficulties could be settled.

His political opponents tried to make much of his obviously declining health during the campaign of 1944 when he ran for a fourth term.

But Roosevelt campaigned actively and won the election by a popular vote of 25 million to 22 million and an Electoral College vote of 432 to 99.

By the time of his return from Yalta, however, he was so weak that for the first time in his presidency he spoke to Congress while sitting down.

During his lifetime Franklin D. Roosevelt was simultaneously one of the most loved and most hated men in American history.

His supporters hailed him as the savior of his nation during the Great Depression and the defender of democracy during World War II.

Opponents criticized him for undermining American free-market capitalism, for unconstitutionally expanding the powers of the federal government, and for transforming the nation into a welfare state.

It is generally accepted by all, however, that he was a brilliant politician. He died on April 12, 1945

33. Harry S. Truman (April 12, 1945 – January 20, 1953)

  • Harry Truman was born May 8, 1884 in Missouri
  • Spouse name Bess Wallace Truman,
  • Political Affiliation – Democratic Party
  • Vice president Office was vacant through January 20, 1949, afterwards Barkley, Alben W. became the vice president

Next on the list of all presidents of USA is Harry S. Truman.

He led his country through the final stages of World War II and through the early years of the Cold War,

Active in the Democratic Party, Truman was elected a judge of the Jackson County Court (an administrative position) in 1922.

He became a Senator in 1934 and was elected again in 1940. He was responsible for two major pieces of legislation: the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 and the Wheeler-Truman Transportation Act of 1940.

Respected by his Senate colleagues and admired by the public at large, Truman was selected to run as Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s vice president on the 1944 Democratic ticket, replacing Henry A. Wallace. His term lasted just 82 days, however, during which time he met with the president only twice.

Truman was sworn in as president on the same day as Roosevelt’s death. Truman sent an ultimatum to Japan to surrender unconditionally or face “utter devastation” but they declined.

Truman authorized the dropping of atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima (August 6) and Nagasaki (August 9), killing more than 100,000 men, women, and children.

This remains perhaps the most controversial decision ever taken by a U.S. president, one that scholars continue to debate today.

Japan surrendered on August 14, and the Pacific war ended officially on September 2, 1945.

Thus far, he had followed his predecessor’s policies, but he soon developed his own.

As the presidential election of 1948 approached, the odds against Truman’s winning the presidency seemed enormous. However, Truman won by a comfortable margin.

His Fair Deal social programs, such as those delineating civil rights for African Americans, had been defeated during his presidency but were enacted in the 1960s and retained by Democratic and Republican administrations alike.

Truman did, however, issue an executive order (9981) that desegregated the military, and he was noted for appointing African Americans to high-level positions.

Deciding not to run again, he retired to Independence. He enjoyed joking with reporters, and remained in good health, spending his days reading voraciously, until the mid-1960s, when he declined rapidly.

On Christmas Day, December 25, 1972 Truman lapsed into unconsciousness, and he died the next morning at age 88 after a stubborn fight for life.

34. Dwight D. Eisenhower (January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961)

  • Dwight David Eisenhower was born October 14, 1890, in Denison, Texas,
  • Political Affiliation – Republican Party
  • U.S. first lady – Mamie Doud Eisenhower,
  • Vice President – Richard M. Nixon.

34th on the list of all presidents of USA is Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Bringing to the Presidency his prestige as commanding general of the victorious forces in Europe during World War II, Dwight D. Eisenhower pursued the moderate policies of “Modern Republicanism,” pointing out as he left office, “America is today the strongest, most influential, and most productive nation in the world.”

Eisenhower’s rapid advancement, after a long army career spent in relative obscurity, was due not only to his knowledge of military strategy and talent for the organization but also to his ability to persuade, mediate, and get along with others.

As early as 1943 Eisenhower was mentioned as a possible presidential candidate. His personal qualities and military reputation prompted both parties to woo him.

As the campaign of 1952 neared, Eisenhower let it be known that he was a Republican, and was affiliated with the eastern wing of the party.

The right-wing of the Republican Party clashed with the president more often than the Democrats did during his first term.

A heart attack in September 1955 and an operation for ileitis in June 1956 raised considerable doubt about Eisenhower’s ability to serve a second term.

He recovered quickly, and the Republican convention unanimously endorsed the Eisenhower-Nixon ticket on the first ballot. In November he was elected for his second term.

Eisenhower concentrated on maintaining world peace. He watched with pleasure the development of his “atoms for peace” program–the loan of American uranium to “have-not” nations for peaceful purposes.

Before he left office in January 1961, for his farm in Gettysburg, he urged the necessity of maintaining an adequate military strength but cautioned that vast, long-continued military expenditures could breed potential dangers to our way of life. He died, after a long illness, on March 28, 1969.

35. John F. Kennedy (January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963)

  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born May 29, 1917, in Massachusetts.
  • Political Affiliation – Democratic Party
  • Spouse name was Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
  • Vice President was Lyndon B. Johnson

John F. Kennedy is 35th on the list of all presidents of USA.

Also known as JFK, he was the youngest man and the first Roman Catholic ever elected to the presidency of the United States.

Kennedy did not disappoint his family; in fact, he never lost an election. His first opportunity came in 1946 when he ran for Congress at age 29.

Kennedy served three terms in the House of Representatives (1947–53). In 1952 he ran for the U.S. Senate against the popular incumbent, Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. 

On September 12, 1953, Kennedy enhanced his electoral appeal by marrying Jacqueline Lee Bouvier (Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis). Arnold Schwarzenegger is John F. Kennedy’s nephew by marriage.

In 1956 Kennedy almost gained the Democratic nomination for Vice President, and four years later was a first-ballot nominee for President. Winning by a narrow margin in the popular vote, Kennedy became the first Roman Catholic President.

In May 1961 Kennedy committed the United States to land a man on the Moon by the end of the decade.

He was an immensely popular president, at home and abroad. At times he seemed to be everywhere at once. Robert Kennedy, as John’s attorney general, was the second most powerful man in the country.

In 1962 Ted Kennedy was elected to the president’s former Senate seat in Massachusetts. 

On Friday, November 22, 1963, the president and Jacqueline Kennedy were in an open limousine riding slowly in a motorcade through downtown Dallas.

He was struck by an assassin’s two rifle bullets, one at the base of his neck and one in the head. He was pronounced dead shortly after his arrival at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Kennedy was the youngest man elected President; he was the youngest to die.

Lee Harvey Oswald, a 24-year-old Dallas citizen, was accused of slaying. Two days later Oswald was shot to death by Jack Ruby, a local nightclub owner. Kennedy’s assassination was the most notorious political murder of the 20th century.

Vice President Johnson took the oath as president at 2:38 PM.

36. Lyndon B. Johnson (November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969)

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson was born August 27, 1908 in Texas
  • Political Affiliation – Democratic Party
  • Name of first lady – Lady Bird Johnson,
  • Office of vice president vacant through January 20, 1965 when Hubert H. Humphrey became the vice president.

Lyndon Johnson has also been in office as one of all presidents of USA.

Johnson was a moderate Democrat and vigorous leader in the United States Senate.

On November 22, 1963, when Kennedy was assassinated, Johnson was sworn in as the 36th United States President aboard the presidential plane, Air Force One, as it stood on the tarmac at Love Field, Dallas, waiting to take Kennedy’s remains back to Washington.

After six terms in the House of Representatives, Johnson was elected to the Senate in 1948. In 1953, he became the youngest Minority Leader in Senate history, and the following year, when the Democrats won control, Majority Leader.

At the Democratic convention in 1960, Johnson lost the presidential nomination to John F. Kennedy on the first ballot, 809 votes to 409.

He then surprised many both inside and outside the party when he accepted Kennedy’s invitation to join the Democratic ticket as the vice-presidential candidate.

During his administration as president, he signed into law the Civil Rights Act (1964), the most comprehensive civil rights legislation since the Reconstruction era, initiated major social service programs.

Under Johnson, the country made spectacular explorations of space in a program he had championed since its start.

When three astronauts successfully orbited the moon in December 1968, Johnson congratulated them: “You’ve taken … all of us, all over the world, into a new era . . .”

Nevertheless, two overriding crises had been gaining momentum since 1965. Despite the beginning of new antipoverty and anti-discrimination programs, unrest and rioting in black ghettos troubled the Nation. The other crisis arose despite Johnson’s efforts to end Communist aggression and achieve a settlement, fighting continued

The assassination of African American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., in April 1968 provoked new rioting in Washington, D.C., and elsewhere.

When he left office, peace talks were underway; he did not live to see them succeed. In January 1973, less than one week before all the belligerents in Vietnam signed an agreement in Paris to end the war, Johnson suffered a heart attack and died on January 22, 1973. He was buried at the place he felt most at home: his ranch.

37. Richard Nixon (January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974)

  • Richard Milhous Nixon
  • Political Affiliation – Republican Party
  • Spouse name was Pat Nixon,
  • Vice President Spiro T. Agnew resigned on October 10 1973

The next citizen to have once been on the list of all presidents of USA is Richard Nixon.

The office of the Vice President was vacant till December 6, 1973 when Gerald R. Ford became Vice President.

Richard Milhous Nixon served as a U.S. Representative (1946) and a U.S. Senator (1950) from California. In 1962 he reluctantly decided to run for governor of California but lost. Nixon won the Republican nomination for president in 1968 and won the election by a narrow margin.

His accomplishments while in office included revenue sharing, the end of the draft, new anticrime laws, and a broad environmental program.

One of the most dramatic events of his first term occurred in 1969 when American astronauts made the first moon landing.

Re-nominated with Agnew in 1972, Nixon defeated his Democratic challenger, liberal Sen. George S. McGovern, in one of the largest landslide victories in the history of American presidential elections

Within a few months, his administration was embattled over the so-called “Watergate” scandal, stemming from a burglary and wiretapping of the national headquarters of the Democratic Party at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. The House Judiciary Committee voted to recommend three articles of impeachment, relating to obstruction of justice, abuse of power, and failure to comply with congressional subpoenas.

Faced with almost certain impeachment for his role in the Watergate scandal he became the first American president to resign from office.

He was succeeded by Gerald Ford, whom he had appointed vice president in 1973 after Agnew resigned his office amid charges of having committed bribery, extortion, and tax evasion during his tenure as governor of Maryland. Nixon was pardoned by President Ford on September 8, 1974.

Nixon died of a massive stroke in New York City on April 22, 1994, 10 months after his wife’s death from lung cancer. He was buried beside his wife at his birthplace.

38. Gerald Ford (August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977)

  • Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. was born July 14, 1913, in Nebraska.
  • Original name Leslie Lynch King, Jr
  • Political Affiliation – Republican Party
  • First lady – Betty Ford
  • Office of vice president was vacant through December 19, 1974.

Next on the list of all presidents of USA is Gerald Ford.

Nelson Rockefeller was nominated to be Vice President by President Gerald R. Ford on Aug. 20, 1974; confirmed by the Senate on Dec. 10, 1974; confirmed by the House and took the oath of office on Dec. 19, 1974, in the Senate Chamber

Gerald Ford succeeded to the presidency on the resignation of President Richard Nixon, under the process decreed by the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the Constitution, and thereby became the country’s only chief executive who had not been elected either president or vice president.

While Gerald Ford was still an infant, his parents were divorced, and his mother moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan, where she married Gerald R. Ford, Sr., who adopted the boy and gave him his name.

In 1948, the year he won his first elective office, as a Republican congressman from Michigan, he married Elizabeth Anne Bloomer (Betty Ford)

Ford served in Congress for 25 years. Well-liked and ideologically flexible, he won the role of House minority leader in 1965 and held this position until Nixon named him vice president in 1973. During his time in Congress, he had developed a reputation for honesty and openness.

On August 9, 1974, Ford took the oath of office and became president, and his nominee for Vice President, former Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York, was the second person to fill that office by appointment.

The most attention-getting act of his years in office, and the move that for many destroyed his credibility was when Ford pardoned Nixon “for all offenses against the United States” that he had committed “or may have committed” while in office.

Afterward, Ford voluntarily appeared before a subcommittee of the House of Representatives on October 17 to explain his reasoning—the first time a standing president had formally testified before a committee of Congress.

Ford became the first incumbent president to agree to public debates with a challenger—Jimmy Carter, the Democratic nominee. Ford lost the election to his opponent, former Governor Jimmy Carter of Georgia.

He died on December 26, 2006, at age 93.

39. Jimmy E. Carter (January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981)

  • James Earl Carter, Jr. was born October 1, 1924 in Georgia
  • Political Affiliation – Democratic Party
  • Spouse name – Rosalynn Carter
  • Vice President name – Walter F. Mondale

Jimmy Carter also has enjoyed his stay in office as one of all presidents of USA.

Beginning his political career by serving on the local board of education, Carter won election as a Democrat to the Georgia State Senate in 1962 and was reelected in 1964. In 1966 he failed in a bid for the governorship he ran again for governor and won in 1970. 

In 1974, just before his term as governor ended, Carter announced his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for president. In November 1976 the Carter-Mondale ticket won the election.

Carter worked hard to combat the continuing economic woes of inflation and unemployment. By the end of his administration, he could claim an increase of nearly eight million jobs and a decrease in the budget deficit, measured in the percentage of the gross national product.

Carter could point to a number of achievements in domestic affairs and in foreign affairs he set his own style.

Two scandals also damaged Carter’s credibility. One was of Bert Lance one of Carter’s closest friends in summer 1977, and of his younger brother, Billy (widely perceived as a buffoon) who was accused of acting as an influence peddler for the Libyan government of Muammar al-Qaddafi

President Carter served as the country’s chief executive during a time of serious problems at home and abroad.

His perceived inability to deal successfully with those problems led to an overwhelming defeat in his bid for reelection.

In the election held November 1980, Carter was overwhelmingly defeated by the Republican nominee, a former actor and governor of California, Ronald W. Reagan

At the conclusion of the president’s term, the Carters returned to their hometown. His interview with Syria’s Forward Magazine, published in January 2009, marked the first time that a former or current U.S. president had been interviewed by a Syrian media outlet.

He received he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2002 and the Grammy Award (2006).

40. 40th U.S. President Ronald Reagan (January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1989)

  • Ronald Wilson Reagan was born February 6, 1911 in Illinois
  • Political Affiliation – First Democratic Party and later Republican Party
  • First lady – Nancy Reagan
  • Vice President – George Bush

The next American on the list of all presidents of USA is Ronald Reagan.

Ronald Reagan, originally an American actor and politician, became the only movie actor ever to become president.

Ronald Reagan - all presidents of USA

His remarkable skill as an orator earned him the title “the Great Communicator.”

His term saw a restoration of prosperity at home, with the goal of achieving. Reagan was the first president to have been divorced.

After initially supporting Democratic senatorial candidate Helen Douglas in 1950, he switched his allegiance to Republican Richard Nixon midway through the campaign and officially changed his party affiliation to Republican in 1962.

Reagan announced his candidacy for governor of California in 1966. When asked by a reporter how he would perform in office, Reagan replied, “I don’t know. I’ve never played a governor.”

He served two terms as governor (1967–1975) and on January 20, 1981, Reagan took office as president.

Reagan’s presidency began on a dramatic note when, after the inaugural ceremony, he announced at a luncheon that Iran had agreed to release the remaining American hostages.

Only 69 days (March 30, 1981) after he took office, he was shot by a would-be assassin a deranged drifter named John W. Hinckley, Jr. but quickly recovered and returned to duty. His grace and wit during the dangerous incident caused his popularity to soar.

At the time of the presidential election of 1984, Reagan was at the height of his popularity.

NO doubt, when talking about all presidents of USA, his name will be mentioned. Using slogans such as “It’s morning in America” and “America is back,” a renewal of national self-confidence by 1984 helped Reagan and Bush win a second term with an unprecedented number of electoral votes.

At the end of his administration, the Nation was enjoying its longest recorded period of peacetime prosperity without recession or depression. In foreign policy, Reagan sought to achieve “peace through strength.”

Reagan retired to his home in Los Angeles, where he wrote his autobiography, An American Life (1990).

In 1994, in a letter to the American people, Reagan disclosed that he had been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, a degenerative brain disorder.

National Airport in Washington, D.C., was renamed Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport by Congress and President Bill Clinton in February 1998. 

He died June 5, 2004, at age 93 in Los Angeles, California

41. George H. W. Bush (January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993)

  • George Herbert Walker Bush was born June 12, 1924 in Massachusetts.
  • Political Affiliation – Republican Party
  • First lady – Barbara Bush
  • Vice President – Dan Quayle

George H. Bush has once been on the list of all presidents of USA some decades back.

George H. W. Bush served from 1942 to 1944 as a torpedo bomber pilot on aircraft carriers in the Pacific during World War II, the youngest pilot in the Navy flying some 58 combat missions.

George W. Bush - all presidents of USA

He was shot down by the Japanese antiaircraft fire in 1944 and was rescued from the water by a U. S. submarine. For his service, he won the Distinguished Flying Cross for bravery in action.

After losing a campaign for the U.S. Senate in 1964, Bush was elected in 1966 to a safely Republican seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. He gave up the seat in 1970 to run again for the Senate and was defeated again.

In 1988 Bush won the Republican nomination for President and, with Senator Dan Quayle of Indiana as his running mate, he defeated Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis in the general election.

NO doubt, when talking about all presidents of USA, his name will be mentioned.

Bush faced a dramatically changing world, as the Cold War ended after 40 bitter years, the Communist empire broke up, and the Berlin Wall fell.

The Soviet Union ceased to exist; and reformist President Mikhail Gorbachev, whom Bush had supported, resigned.

Bush’s greatest test came when Iraqi President Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, and then threatened to move into Saudi Arabia.

After weeks of air and missile bombardment, the 100-hour land battle dubbed Desert Storm routed Iraq’s million-man army and restored Kuwait’s independence.

Bush ran a lackluster campaign for reelection in 1992. Bush, the first vice president since Martin Van Buren in 1836 to succeed directly to the presidency via an election rather than the death of the incumbent, lost to Democratic Bill Clinton

Bush and his wife, Barbara, returned to Houston on the day of Clinton’s inauguration and had little formal involvement with the Republican Party thereafter. One of his sons Jeb, served as governor of Florida from 1999 to 2007.

In 2011 Bush was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. George H. W. Bush passed away on November 30, 2018, at the age of 94.

42. Bill Clinton (January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001)

  • Bill Clinton was born August 19, 1946 in Arkansas
  • Original name William Jefferson Blythe III and byname William Jefferson Clinton
  • Political Affiliation – Democratic Party
  • Name of first lady – Hillary Rodham Clinton
  • Vice President was Albert Gore

Next on the list of all presidents of USA is Bill Clinton.

In 1974 Bill Clinton ran unsuccessfully for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives.

In 1976 he was elected attorney general of Arkansas, and in 1978 he won the governorship, becoming the youngest governor the country had seen in 40 years.

After an eventful two-year term as governor, Clinton failed in his reelection bid in 1980.

After apologizing to voters for unpopular decisions he had made as governor (such as highway-improvement projects funded by increases in the state gasoline tax and automobile licensing fees), he regained the governor’s office in 1982 and was successively re-elected three more times by substantial margins. 

He oversaw the country’s longest peacetime economic expansion. In 1998 he became the second U.S. president to be impeached; he was acquitted by the Senate in 1999.

In 1998, as a result of issues surrounding personal indiscretions with a 24-year-old White House intern, Monica Lewinsky, Clinton was the second U.S. president to be impeached by the House of Representatives.

He was tried in the Senate and found not guilty of the charges brought against him. He apologized to the nation for his actions and continued to have unprecedented popular approval ratings for his job as president.

In the world, he successfully dispatched peacekeeping forces to war-torn Bosnia and bombed Iraq in December 1998 when Saddam Hussein stopped United Nations inspections for evidence of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons.

He was the first Democratic president since Franklin D. Roosevelt to win a second term. As part of a plan to celebrate the millennium in 2000, Clinton called for a great national initiative to end racial discrimination.

As Clinton’s presidency was ending, his wife’s political career was beginning. In 2000 Hillary Rodham Clinton was elected to the U.S. Senate representing New York; she was the first wife of a U.S. president to win elected office.

She went on to lose narrowly to Barack Obama the Democratic Party’s presidential nomination in 2008, but Obama appointed her secretary of state in his presidential administration. 

In 2015 Hillary Clinton announced that she was entering the U.S. presidential race of 2016 becoming the first woman to top the presidential ticket of a major party in the United States but ultimately lost the election to Donald Trump.

In 2013 Clinton was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. NO doubt, when talking about all presidents of USA, his name will be mentioned.

43. President George W. Bush (January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009)

  • George Walker Bush was born July 6, 1946, in New Haven, Connecticut
  • Political Affiliation – Republican Party
  • Spouse name – Laura Bush
  • Vice President – Richard Cheney.

Remember 9/11? George W. Bush was transformed into a wartime President and led his country’s response to the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001 facing the “greatest challenge of any President since Abraham Lincoln” and initiated the Iraq War in 2003.

George Bush has also been in the Whitehouse just like all presidents of USA.

George W. Bush, a popular two-term governor of Texas, successfully ran for president in 2000, becoming the second son of a president to win the White House; the first been John Quincy Adams in 1824.

While John Adams had groomed his son to be president, George Bush, the 41st president, insisted he was surprised when the eldest of his six children became interested in politics, became governor of Texas, and then went on to the White House.

After an unsuccessful run for Congress in 1978, Bush devoted himself to building his business.

In 1994 Bush challenged Democratic incumbent Ann Richards for the governorship of Texas and won thus becoming the first child of a U.S. president to be elected a state governor.

Bush was the first Republican president to enjoy a majority in both houses of Congress since Dwight D. Eisenhower in the 1950s. 

On September 11, 2001, Bush faced a crisis that would transform his presidency. That morning, four American commercial airplanes were hijacked by Islamist terrorists and made devastating crashes with them. The crashes—the worst terrorist incident on U.S. soil—killed some 3,000 people.

Bush was challenged in his re-election bid in 2004 by Massachusetts Democratic Senator John Kerry. The election was a good contest, but Bush’s contention that the invasion of Iraq had made the world more secure against terrorism won the national political debate. Bush was re-elected with 51 percent to 48 percent.

After Bush left office in January 2009, he and his wife settled in Dallas. In response to a request from Obama in January 2010, Bush and former president Bill Clinton assumed leadership of private fund-raising efforts in the United States for disaster relief in Haiti, which had been struck by a devastating earthquake earlier that month.

44. Barack Obama (January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017)

  • Barack Hussein Obama II, was born August 4, 1961 in Hawaii
  • Political Affiliation – Democratic Party
  • First lady name Michelle Obama
  • Vice President – Joseph R. Biden

The first African American to be on the list of all presidents of USA is Barack Obama.

Barack Obama was the first African American to hold the presidency office. Before winning the presidency, he was elected to the Illinois Senate (1996) and represented Illinois in the U.S. Senate (2005–08).

He was the third African American to be elected to that body since the end of Reconstruction (1877).

Obama’s father, Barack Obama, Sr., was a teenage goatherd in rural Kenya, won a scholarship to study in the United States, and eventually became a senior economist in the Kenyan government. Obama’s mother, S. Ann Dunham, grew up in Kansas, Texas, and Washington State before her family settled in Honolulu

In an effort to improve the image of the United States abroad Obama took a number of steps that indicated a significant shift in tone.

In one of such, he traveled to Cairo in June 2009 to deliver a historic speech in which he reached out to the Muslim world.

The Obama administration’s handling of national security was questioned by some when a Nigerian terrorist trained in Yemen was thwarted in an attempt to bomb an airliner headed for Detroit on Christmas Day, 2009.

On April 4, Obama officially announced that he would seek reelection. Less than a month later, on May 1, the president made a dramatic late-night Sunday television address to inform the world that U.S. special forces had killed al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in a firefight in a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, not far from the Pakistani capital of Islamabad. (U.S. forces took custody of the body, which they buried at sea, and confirmed bin Laden’s identity through DNA testing.)

On November 6, 2012, Obama won a narrow victory in the national popular vote but triumphed in almost all the battleground states to win a second term.

At the top of the president’s agenda in 2013 was the introduction of gun-control legislation which met various obstacles in both houses.

At the beginning of 2016, Obama returned again to the matter of gun violence and on January 5, 2016, he announced executive actions aimed at expanding background checks for gun purchasers and re-codifying the definition of a regulated gun dealer.

Obama made a trio of historic state visits himself in 2016. In mid-March, he became the first sitting U.S. president to visit Cuba in more than 80 years and in May the first sitting U.S. chief executive to visit Hiroshima, Japan, the site of the world’s first nuclear strike, where the United States had dropped an atomic bomb toward the end of World War II.

After leaving the office, the Obamas signed a multi-year production deal with Netflix in 2018. He was awarded the Grammy Award (2005 and 2007).

In 2009 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize “for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples.”

45. Donald Trump (January 20, 2017 – January 20, 2021)

  • Donald John Trump was born June 14, 1946 in New York
  • Political Affiliation – Multiple (Democratic Party, Republican Party etc)
  • First lady is Melania Trump
  • Vice President is Mike Pence.

A business icon who has once been on the list of all presidents of USA is Donal J. Trump.

In 1974 he became president of a conglomeration of Trump-owned corporations and partnerships, which he later named the Trump Organization involved in hotels and resorts, residential properties, merchandise, and entertainment and television

In 2005 Trump married the Slovene model Melania Knauss after his previous two marriages ending in divorce.

Melania Trump became only the second foreign-born first lady of the United States upon Trump’s inauguration as president in 2017.

In June 2015 Trump announced that he would be a candidate in the U.S. presidential election of 2016.

While Trump’s comments worried the Republican establishment, his supporters were pleased by his combativeness and his apparent willingness to say whatever came into his mind, a sign of honesty and courage in their estimation.

He received no endorsements from major newspapers. During the third and final presidential debate, in October, he however made headlines when he refused to say that he would accept the election results.

Although Trump won the Electoral College vote by 304 to 227, and thereby the presidency, he lost the nationwide popular vote by more than 2.8 million.

After the election, Trump repeatedly claimed, without evidence that three to five million people had voted for Clinton illegally.

His first order, signed on his first day as president, directed that all “unwarranted economic and regulatory burdens” imposed by the ACA should be minimized pending the “prompt repeal” of that law.

Five days later he directed the secretary of the Department of Homeland Security to begin planning for the construction of a wall along the country’s southern border.

In April 2018 the Trump administration announced what it called a “zero-tolerance” immigration policy under which all foreign adults who entered the United States illegally (a misdemeanor for first-time offenders) would be criminally prosecuted and began the process of constructing a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border to prevent illegal immigration from Latin.

He reacted slowly to the COVID-19 pandemic, ignored or contradicted many recommendations from health officials in his messaging, and promoted misinformation about unproven treatments and the availability of testing.

After Trump pressured Ukraine to investigate his political rival Joe Biden, the House of Representatives impeached him for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress on December 18, 2019. The Senate acquitted him of both charges on February 5, 2020.

Trump lost the 2020 presidential election to Biden and now, he is on the list of all presidents of USA, but refused to concede.

The House impeached Trump for incitement of insurrection on January 13, making him the only federal officeholder in American history to be impeached twice.

The Senate acquitted Trump for the second time on February 13, after he had already left office.

46. 46th U.S. President – Joe Biden (January 20, 2021 – Present)

  • Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr. was born November 20, 1942 in Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • Political Affiliation – Democratic Party
  • First lady  Jill Biden
  • Vice President is Kamala Harris

The U.S citizen on the current list of all presidents of USA is Joseph Robinette Biden Jr.

President Biden represented Delaware for 36 years in the U.S. Senate before becoming the 46th Vice President of the United States

Biden entered office amid the COVID-19 pandemic, an economic crisis, and increased political polarization.

At age 29, President Biden became one of the youngest people ever elected to the United States Senate. Just weeks after his Senate election, tragedy struck the Biden family when his wife Neilia and daughter Naomi were killed, and sons Hunter and Beau were critically injured, in an auto accident.

Biden married Jill Jacobs in 1977. Beau Biden, Attorney General of Delaware, and Joe Biden’s eldest son passed away in 2015 after battling brain cancer.

As Vice President, in a ceremony at the White House, President Obama awarded Biden the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Distinction — the nation’s highest civilian honor for his effort during his administration.

On April 25, 2019, Biden announced his candidacy for President of the United States having previously sought the Democratic nomination in 1988 and 2008, being unsuccessful both times.

He won the 2020 presidential election and was inaugurated alongside Vice President Kamala Harris, the first woman, first African American, and first Asian American to hold that office. Yes, he has come to stay on this list of all presidents of USA.

Though Biden was generally acknowledged as the winner, General Services Administration headed by Emily W. Murphy initially refused to begin the transition to the president-elect, thereby denying funds and office space to his team.

On November 23, after Michigan certified its results, Murphy issued the letter of ascertainment, granting the Biden transition team access to federal funds and resources for an orderly transition.

On the first day of his presidency, Biden made an effort to revert President Trump’s energy policy.

He also halted funding for Trump’s border wall, an expansion of the Mexican border wall. On his second day, he issued a series of executive orders to reduce the impact of COVID-19 and set an early goal of achieving one hundred million COVID-19 vaccinations in the United States in his first 100 days.

Early in his presidency, Biden ordered retaliatory airstrikes against Syrian buildings used by Iranian militias to stage rocket attacks against U.S. targets in Iraq. 

On March 11, 2021, he signed his first major bill into law—the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021.

Related: Map of the United States – Interesting things you should know

Summary of All Presidents of USA

There have been 46 presidencies (including the current one, Joe Biden, whose term began in 2021), and 45 different individuals have served as president.

Grover Cleveland was elected to two non-consecutive terms, and as such is considered the 22nd and 24th president of the United States.

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